Bed bugs (cimex lectularius) reproduce rapidly and can form large populations in just a few months. Newly hatched bed bugs can survive for up to three weeks without food or water and can go on to reproduce within days. 

Bed bug populations can grow explosively if not controlled, significantly damaging property and residents’ health problems.

What are bed bugs? 

Bed bugs are small, darkish brown insects that feed solely on blood (blood meal). These pests can be found worldwide but are most commonly associated with bedding and furniture. 

Where do they come from? 

Bed bugs are small, oval-shaped insects that can be found worldwide. They live in crevices and cracks in furniture, mattresses, and other surfaces. True bugs can also be found indoors near beds and other areas where people sleep.

There are several ways to get bed bugs. You can get them if you travel to where they are common. You can get them if you buy used furniture or products (plant sciences). You can get them if you have a pet that has bed bug eggs inside of it. You can get them if you live in an area with a high population of bed bugs.

You can use a vacuum cleaner with the highest setting to clean all the surfaces where the bed bugs spread may be forming and hiding. You can use insecticides to kill bed bugs and their eggs.

How to avoid getting them?

There are many ways to avoid getting bed bugs, but a few general tips are to use bug-free luggage when traveling, be mindful of where you sit and sleep, and keep your home clean. 

Here are a few other specific tips: 

– Always inspect your luggage for signs of bed bugs before departing. If you find any, seal the bag in a plastic bag and take it to the airport’s baggage screening area for inspection. 

– Avoid sitting on beds or chairs recently used by someone sleeping or who may have brought bed bugs. 

– Be sure to place all clothing in a sealed plastic bag before laundering it in hot water and soap.

How bed bugs Reproduction: Female Bed Bug & Male Bed Bug

Female bed bugs reproduce with male bed bugs and then lay eggs that hatch into nymphs. Nymphs grow and develop into adults over about four weeks. Female Bed bugs can lay a staggering 500 eggs during their lifetime. 

Adult bed bugs can live for up to six months without feeding. A bed bug infestation is much more common in warm, humid environments.

What Damages Can Bed Bug Bites Do

These pesky bugs can cause skin irritation, redness, and swelling. Bed bug bites can also lead to serious health problems if left untreated. 

If a bed bug bites you, it’s essential to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Some bed bug bites may require antibiotics to clear up the infection.

Bed Bug Reproduction Rate (Reproductive Success)

Bed bug reproduction rates are quite fascinating. These bugs rapidly reproduce.  One adult bed bug can lay between 1 and 5 eggs EACH day.  It takes an egg 7 to 10 days to hatch. Then if the bed bug is able to eat regularly, it molts 5 times (about once per week) before becoming an adult.  At this point, the newly adult bed bug can begin to lay eggs.


Here is a chart that shows how quickly an infestation can grow.  This is based on a bed bug laying only 3 eggs per day.  The female’s abdomen (body cavity) can produce hundreds of eggs.

Reproduction Rates of Bed Bugs


As you can see, the number of bed bugs in your come exponentially increases over time.  It only takes about 3 months to go from having only one bed bug in your home to having over one THOUSAND bed bugs.  To read more about the bed bug life cycle, click HERE.


We recommend bed bug heat treatments to eradicate bed bugs from your home.   We have special bed bug heaters that can get the temperature in an affected area to over 120°F which will kill bed bugs in minutes.  These temperatures will also kill the eggs! We recommend heating an infested area for over 18 hours to make sure that the heat permeates all areas of the room. 

Click HERE to visit our website to see our various bed bug heat treatment options: we offer full-service heat treatments in the New England areas as well as equipment rental so you can kill bed bugs in your own money and save money.  Our heat treatment equipment rental is available in all four of our service areas: New England, Boston, Indianapolis, and Boston.  We are happy to provide a confidential phone consultation to help you eliminate bed bugs from your home!